Also see general devops pages, and cmd-batch cheatsheet.
Issues deleting a file or folder
- Try takeown
takeown /f [FOLDER] /r /d y
- Try using Windows GUI and "change owner" under permission - make sure
to set to apply to all children, for both replacing the owner, and applying permissions recursively 3. Try seeing if an application/user has a lock on the file/folder. - Try using LockHunter first - AWESOME gui based tool that can unlock, kill blocking processes, and even automatically do the whole process - kill the lock and delete the folder - and integrated into the windows right click menu - for a more manual approach, try PROCEXP from sysinternals 4. Try booting into safe-mode and then deleting or changing permissions 5. Nuclear option - boot into Linux and rm rf that sob
Issues changing file properties / can't edit file details
If you are unable to edit file details (
properties -> details) and/or they appear to be "locked", it probably means that Windows knows how to read the metadata of the file, but not write it. To make changes, you will need to use a third-party editor for that specific file type.
For example, a PDF might have embedded metadata that contains the author name associated with the content of the file, but the only way to make a change to this field would be to use a PDF editor, not the native Windows file explorer (even if Explorer can correctly display the value).
Filename and path limitations
Be aware that, even within Windows 10, there are still filename and path/directory limitations - https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/win32/fileio/naming-a-file
These are just some of my favorites (most used):
For am exhaustive listing, see this handy reference page from MS.
||Snap window to different side of screen|
||Quickly move window to different monitor|
||Opens the "Quick Access Menu"|
||Close all windows (show desktop)|
Adjust Webcam / Camera Settings Dialog
You can use
ffmpeg for this. First use this to find your camera name:
ffmpeg -list_devices true -f dshow -i dummy -hide_banner
Then, once you have the camera name, you can use:
ffmpeg -f dshow -show_video_device_dialog true -i video=%CAMERA_NAME%
Shout-out to this StackExchange answer, as well as this step-by-step guide.
Most integrations with the Win APIs (aka WinAPI, Win32) use low-level C, C++ or C#, but there are also some useful bindings / wrappers for other languages and abstractions:
- This is really for calling dynamic libraries in general
Changing Webcam (& Other Video Device) Settings via Win32 APIs
I've only skimmed the surface of what this takes, but it looks like you can change video settings of a webcam (such as exposure and contrast) programmatically, with DirectShow / WDM Video Capture and the
Strmif.h subset of the Win32 API.
More specifically, the
IAMVideoProcAmp interface has getter and setter methods (e.g.
IAMVideoProcAmp::Set) to read and write properties. AFAIK, this is how some popular programs (such as webcamoid), get and set video device properties on Windows.
Some related projects that use the
IAMVideoProcAmp interface are:
- jaraco.video (example)
- Threads discussing how to get an interface instance: